Many towns, mountains, rivers in Swedish Lapland bear the names given to them by the Sámi people, usually describing their characteristics. When reading a map of Swedish Lapland, knowing the meaning of some Sámi words adds another, fascinating dimension to the landscape.
The Sámi language and the Finnish language, from the Finno-Ugric language tree, are related to each other, not very closely though (scholars argue about their closeness). It’s a language with many different expressions and synonyms for nature and reindeer husbandry.
The Sámi language can be grouped into Eastern, Southern and Central Sámi. The groups may be further divided into varieties and ultimately individual languages, some of which are extinct today.