The summer solstice is the longest day of the year and the sun reaches its highest position in the sky. This is when we celebrate Midsummer Eve, every year sometime between the 19th and the 25th of June. Above the Arctic Circle, where the sun never sets, Midsummer Eve is celebrated all day and all night under the light of the midnight sun.
The maypole and the wreaths
Midsummer often marks the beginning of summer. Many choose to take their holidays around midsummer. Family and friends, old and young, all gather to celebrate. Perhaps on the family farm that has been inherited through generations, perhaps in an apartment in town, perhaps at the folk museum. No matter where we celebrate there are some obligatory accessories: the maypole and the wreaths are two of them. The Midsummer maypole is like a cross – preferably several metres high – covered in leaves. We pick flowers and leaves and bind them into wreaths to decorate the pole and finish it off with ribbons in the colours of the Swedish flag.
We also bind wreaths of leaves and flowers to adorn ourselves, and perhaps a traditional costume is dusted off in honour of the day. The folk costumes symbolise our origin and history with their beautiful colours and are shown off in all their splendour at this summer highlight.
The tradition of the maypole in Sweden actually originates from Germany and can be found all over Europe in various shapes, but according to Swedish tradition, it’s shaped like a cross with wreaths hanging off either side.
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“Små grodorna” (The Little Frogs)
Our bodies are brimming with excitement and we have the entire summer in front of us, so it’s not surprising that we feel a need to sing and dance. Don’t worry if what comes next confuses you a bit, because not many Swedes understand why this is the song we choose for dancing around the Midsummer maypole, but tradition says so, so we do it.
“The little frogs, the little frogs, are fun to watch.
The little frogs, the little frogs, are fun to watch.
No ears, no ears, no tails do they possess…”
We crouch down and jump like frogs, waving our hands around our heads and behind our backs to indicate the lack of ears and tails. Don’t try to work out what the connection is to the summer solstice. We have no idea, but it’s a fun song and dance and that’s good enough, right?
How “The Little Frogs” ended up in Sweden is unclear, but the melody of the song is believed to be a French marching song with the lyrics: Au pas, camarade, au pas camarade / au pas, au pas, au pas! (Keep to the beat comrades). The song was then rewritten by the eternal enemies of the French, the British, with the lyrics “Au pas grenouilles!” (“Keep to the beat, little frogs!”). How it ended up in Sweden and became one of our most famous children’s songs remains a mystery.
Herring and schnapps
Dancing and jumping like little frogs is bound to make you hungry, which means it’s time to put the midsummer food on the table. If the weather is nice, it’s to be enjoyed outside. North of the Arctic Circle it might, of course, be snowing on Midsummer Eve. But if the summer is to be celebrated, so be it.
On the table, we find boiled fresh potatoes, pickled herring with the classic trimmings, herring salad, salmon and fresh vegetables. The aroma of barbecues on lit fires fill in the air and we like to keep eating all day from the smorgasbord of festive food provided. As the icing on the cake, there’s the cake itself, with whipped cream and fresh strawberries, adorned with little Swedish paper flags.
Many may be familiar with the Swedish “schnapps”. A small glass with spiced liquor preceded by a “schnapps song”. They are served with the midsummer food to the tune of these schnapps songs with humorous lyrics that attract group singing and laughter.
Also readThe taste of Swedish Lapland
Legends and mythology
As the evening mists settle over meadows and forests, the feeling under the light of the midnight sun is close to magic. Some of the legends and myths surrounding Midsummer Eve are still very much present. According to ancient folklore, plants were thought to have magical properties during the midsummer night. That’s why you should pick seven kinds of flowers and put them under your pillow to dream of your future love. You have to be completely silent as you pick them, otherwise, you break the magic.
The midsummer wreaths weren’t just worn because they are pretty, but also because the flowers were said to be invigorating. The flowers were saved until the Christmas bath, to keep you healthy and strong throughout the winter.
Celebrate Midsummer in Swedish Lapland!
Every year midsummer celebrations are organised for the public at folk museums all around Swedish Lapland. Most rural towns and villages have these museums where older buildings are preserved and this is where celebrations are held with young and old coming together to eat well, dance around the midsummer pole and enjoy local entertainment, games and folk music. Among these beautiful old buildings, you get a real experience of Swedish summer tradition at its best.
Midsummer celebrations in Swedish Lapland
In the mountains
Midsummer celebration Saltoluokta mountain station, surrounded by the mountains, with herring lunch, pentathlon and the world’s largest strawberry cake.
With Sámi elements
Midsummer celebration with Sámi elements, at Ájtte – Swedish Mountain and Sámi Museum in Jokkmokk.
In a world heritage
Traditional midsummer celebration at Hägnan outdoor recreation area near the World Heritage Gammelstad, with a midsummer pole, games and folk music.
In an old town
Midsummer celebration in Bonnstan in Skellefteå with dancing around the midsummer pole and singing.
For more midsummer celebrations in Swedish Lapland, check with the local tourist centre for information.